The first step is the ability to recognize and identify a hazard. The COSS class introduces students to a wide assortment of hazard analysis models for accomplishing that first step.
The second step is to instruct. OSHA requires all employers to instruct each employee in the recognition and avoidance of hazards on the job site. The weeklong instruction in COSS reviews all OSHA required training, and also brings the effective use of safety training into focus.
The third step is making the decision to either eliminate the hazard or control the hazard. COSS teaches that the elimination of hazards is almost impossible, as construction and general industry workers will always have hazards associated with their tasks. Therefore, employees must learn to mitigate these hazards using the techniques they will learn in class.
The fourth step is selecting the appropriate controls to deal with the hazards identified. A majority of the instruction is focused on the ability to select appropriate controls based on federal and state compliance laws, and industry-specific best practices.
In summary, COSS is a curriculum-based program that consists of 40 hours of hands-on, face-to-face learning, delivered by an Authorized OSHA Outreach Trainer in Construction and General Industry. Case studies and workshops are used extensively to bring learning objectives into focus. Guest speakers from areas such as OSHA and other governmental agencies are used to enhance the learning experience. Student presentations, daily quizzes, practical reviews and a comprehensive final exam allows students to demonstrate their competency in the class. By learning how to promote safety on a job site, COSS graduates have the knowledge to help lower fatalities, near misses and OSHA citations.